Online dating scamers
A recent study by Monica Whitty, examined several psychological characteristics which she suggested might be important in predicting whether someone may be likely to fall victim to being scammed.These were: In addition to the psychological characteristics described above, Whitty also looked at whether age, gender educational level and knowledge of cybersecurity, would predict an individual’s likelihood of being scammed.Thirdly, the research revealed that individuals who have an addictive personality are more likely to be the victims of romance scams.
Previous research by Fisher, Lea and Evans (2013) suggested that overconfidence may cause people to be more vulnerable and therefore it may be the case that better educated individuals are confident that they can identify a scam whereas in reality they cannot. Furthermore, it is females who are middle aged who are also likely to be more vulnerable. The findings from this research provide insight into the types of people likely to become scam victims, and have implications for scam awareness and scam prevention. Psychological Factors Affecting the Likelihood of Being Scammed Firstly, Whitty found that the respondents who scored high on impulsivity were more likely to be the victims of scams.One of the tactics employed by the scammer is the creation of a sense of urgency to respond to their request (e.g.
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relaying the story of an emergency requiring rapid and urgent help).